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Study of Prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and Salt Consumption Patterns in an Urban area of South- West Maharashtra. A Cross Sectional Study
Dr. Kotnis Shubhalaxmi Devdatt, Dr. Rokade Hemalata G., Dr. Rohan Bembre, Dr Talekar Swati, Dr. Dhanashri Kakade, Mrs Rajshri Salamwade, Dr.Kamalakar Mane, Dr, Anurag Gupta
DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.7748373
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Introduction: Globally more than 1•9 billion individuals have inadequate iodine nutrition of whom 285 million are school-aged children. [1] Nutritional Iodine deficiency could result in abortion, stillbirth, mental retardation, deaf mutism, squint, dwarfism, goitre, neuromotor defects etc. [2] Prevalence surveys of iodine status, including measurement of urinary iodine levels and an analysis of the salt situation is needed for sustained elimination. [3] It was found in India, 337 districts were endemic for Iodine deficiency disorder i.e., prevalence is >10% [4]. Community based research may be more practical and less costly and possible on a more regular basis. [4,5] Considering this the present study was undertaken to find the recent status of Iodine deficiency disorders in the subpopulation of Maharashtra. Objectives: To study the prevalence of goitre, median urine iodine levels in 6 to 12 years children. And to study pattern and practices of salt consumption and salt iodine estimation at household level. Methodology: A cross sectional observational study of 551 children from six randomly selected schools from different localities was done during the period, 1/4/2019 to 1/3/2020.History taking, clinical examination was done and on spot urine sample and household salt sample were collected for iodine estimation. Results: Prevalence of goitre was 1.45%. Median urinary iodine level was 90mcg/L. 55% of households were having Salts with Iodine content of >15 pp Study shows the Iodine deficiency of mild endemicity in the area. Goitre was not found to be a public health problem.

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