Introduction: Globally more than 1•9 billion individuals have inadequate iodine nutrition of whom 285 million are school-aged children.  Nutritional Iodine deficiency could result in abortion, stillbirth, mental retardation, deaf mutism, squint, dwarfism, goitre, neuromotor defects etc.  Prevalence surveys of iodine status, including measurement of urinary iodine levels and an analysis of the salt situation is needed for sustained elimination.  It was found in India, 337 districts were endemic for Iodine deficiency disorder i.e., prevalence is >10% . Community based research may be more practical and less costly and possible on a more regular basis. [4,5] Considering this the present study was undertaken to find the recent status of Iodine deficiency disorders in the subpopulation of Maharashtra. Objectives: To study the prevalence of goitre, median urine iodine levels in 6 to 12 years children. And to study pattern and practices of salt consumption and salt iodine estimation at household level. Methodology: A cross sectional observational study of 551 children from six randomly selected schools from different localities was done during the period, 1/4/2019 to 1/3/2020.History taking, clinical examination was done and on spot urine sample and household salt sample were collected for iodine estimation. Results: Prevalence of goitre was 1.45%. Median urinary iodine level was 90mcg/L. 55% of households were having Salts with Iodine content of >15 pp Study shows the Iodine deficiency of mild endemicity in the area. Goitre was not found to be a public health problem.
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