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Cross Sectional Study to Assess Proportion of Fraility and its Association with Sociodemographic Factors, Depression, Activities of Daily Life and Instrumental Activities of Daily Life among Community Dwelling Elderly Inan Urban Slum-A Study Done in Dharavi, Mumbai
Dr. Steffin Sara Joseph, Dr. Vijaykumar Singh, Dr. Pallavi Shelke, Dr. Seema. S Bansode Gokhe
DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.7844385
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Introduction: Report of the Technical Group on Population Projections for India and States 2011-2036, says an increase of nearly 34 million elderly persons was seen in 2021 over the Population Census 2011 and is expected to increase by around 56 million elderly persons in 2031.Fraility is a multidimensional geriatric syndrome that increases the risk for adverse health outcomes, such as falls, hospitalization, increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of present study was to find out the proportion offraility and its association with socio-demographic factors, depression, activities of daily life and instrumental activities of daily life among community dwelling elderly in the field practice area of urban health training centre in urban slum. Methods: Community based cross sectional study among 147 elderly persons selected by multistage sampling from 8 health posts under the urban health training centre was done. A pretested semi structured guided questionnaire with respective scales were used to collect data. Results: Proportion of fraility was 28.6%.Age, illiteracy, people without job, loss of spouse, economic dependency were significantly associated with fraility. Fraility was also associated with unsatisfactory Activities of Daily Life score (p – 0.009), unsatisfactory Instrumental Activites of Daily Life score (p <0.001) and high Geriatric Depression Score(p<0.001). Conclusion: Fraility should be recognised as a public health priority and by taking appropriate measures to identify frail elderly, we can help our population to have a healthy ageing.

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