Background: Neonatal jaundice, characterized by the yellowing of a newborn's skin and eyes due to elevated bilirubin levels, is a common condition affecting infants worldwide. Understanding the clinical profile and etiological factors associated with neonatal jaundice is essential for effective management and prevention strategies. Neonatal jaundice is a common cause of newborn hospital admission. The risk factors, characteristics and outcomes related to neonatal jaundice in Bangladesh has have been studied so far. Aim of the study: The study aimed to study the clinical profile and underlying etiological factors leading to neonatal jaundice in this rural Bangladesh. Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in the neonatology ward at Khulna Medical College and Hospital, Khulna, Bangladesh. The study was conducted from January 2020 to December 2020. A total of 98 neonates were admitted to our post-natal ward during the specified period. Result: A total of 98 participants were enrolled and analyzed. The gestational age distribution revealed that 88.78% of the study population was aged more than 37 weeks, 8.16% were in the 34-36-week range and 3.06% were in the 30-34-week range. Among the babies, 63% were male, and 37% were female. The distribution of birth weights showed that 3.06% weighed 1000-1500g, 5.10% weighed 1501-2000g, 8.16% weighed 2001-2500g, 58.16% weighed 2501-3000g, and 25.51% weighed more than 3000g. The etiology of neonatal jaundice in the study revealed that 43.88% had physiological jaundice, 24.49% had ABO incompatibility, and 8.16% had Rh incompatibility or idiopathy. Conclusion: This study concludes that physiological jaundice is our hospital's most common cause of neonatal jaundice. This is followed by ABO incompatibility, sepsis, Rh incompatibility and idiopathic cases.
IJMPR is an international open access source for a high quality and peer reviewed journal in the fields of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. IJMPR publishes research papers across all academic disciplines in the fields of Medical, Pharmaceutical Sciences.