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Assessing the Prevalence and Correlates of Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Patients A Cross-Sectional Study
Dr. Resham A. Kukreja, Dr. Ajay A. Kukreja
DOI : 10.5281/zenodo.10663227
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Abstract

Background: Peripheral neuropathy is a prevalent and debilitating complication of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM), significantly affecting patients' quality of life. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and correlates of peripheral neuropathy among T2DM patients.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 400 T2DM patients, assessing the presence of peripheral neuropathy and analyzing its association with demographic, clinical, and lifestyle factors.

Results: The prevalence of peripheral neuropathy was found to be 40%. Significant correlates of peripheral neuropathy included BMI ≥30 kg/m² (adjusted Odds Ratio [aOR]=1.8, p=0.02), duration of diabetes >10 years (aOR=2.3, p<0.01), and HbA1c >9% (aOR=2.9, p<0.01). Smoking showed a trend towards increased risk but was not statistically significant in the adjusted model.

Conclusion: Peripheral neuropathy affects a significant proportion of T2DM patients, with obesity, long duration of diabetes, and poor glycemic control being key associated factors. These findings highlight the critical need for integrated diabetes management strategies focusing on weight and glycemic control to prevent or delay the onset of peripheral neuropathy.

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