Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Nail Bed in a Centenarian: A Rare Case Report

A 103-year-old female, with a history of hypertension, presented with a 6-month history of a progressive, ulcerative growth on her left thumb following trauma and subsequent nail excision. The lesion, originating from the nail bed, exhibited no discharge, bleeding, or pain but was associated with a foul smell and restricted thumb movement. Despite the absence of systemic symptoms, the growth's insidious nature and physical examination findings prompted urgent surgical intervention. The patient underwent a successful excision of the affected thumb, including metacarpal bone removal under local anesthesia. Histopathological examination confirmed well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Postoperative recovery was uneventful, with the patient being discharged on postoperative day 1 and showing no signs of infection or complications at a 10-day follow-up. This case underscores the importance of considering SCC in persistent, non-healing wounds of the nail bed in geriatric patients, highlighting the challenges in diagnosis and the necessity for prompt surgical management to prevent disease progression.

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