Madhuca Longifolia (Mahua) and Its Benefits: A Review

This article discussed some health benefits of Madhuca longifolia. Madhuca longifolia (Mahua) belongs to the Sapotaceae family. It is a massive tree known colloquially as the "butter nut tree." It can be found both cultivated and wild. Mahua flowers are employed as both a food source and a method of commerce in tribal and rural communities. Mahua seeds are economically valuable because they are high in edible lipids. Mahua fruits are consumed in huge quantities by the tribes of western Odisha as vegetables. Madhuca longifolia is a medicinal herb that can be used topically to treat skin diseases, rheumatism, headaches, persistent constipation, piles, and haemorrhoids. It is also used as an emetic and galactagogue on occasion. Mahua oil is used as a cooking oil in various Indian tribal regions, as well as to make laundry soaps and detergents. According to many researchers, Madhuca longifolia contains sapogenins, triterpenoids, steroids, saponins, flavonoids, and glycosides. The tribal people who live in the forest and treasure this tree consider it a blessing. The tribes see mahua trees and mahua drinks as vital components of their cultural history. As a result, increasing public awareness of the importance of protecting the wild forest is critical.