Association of Hba1c and Diabetic Foot Ulcer Outcomes In Patients Attending Tertiary Care Hospital

Introduction: Typically diabetic foot syndrome is characterized by    foot infection, ulceration, or destruction of deep tissues in association with neurological abnormalities and divergent levels of peripheral vascular insufficiency. The factors that affect ulcer healing in diabetic patients are generally helpful in optimization of patient management strategy besides their routine application as predictors of the outcome. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), an established marker to monitor blood glucose in diabetic patients, is currently being investigated for its association with ulcer healing.

Material and Method: A descriptive study was carried out in diabetic patients with foot ulceration (n = 70) to determine the role of HbA1c affecting the ulcer healing process. Ethical   committee   clearance   was    taken    from the institution ethical committee. The study was conducted over 18month period from January 2021 to June 2022. Informed consent was obtained from the patients.

Conclusion: Our study results show that HbA1c levels have good association with the process of healing as well as time required for healing process to complete.